CEVICHE CLASICO (with white fish, for eight)
1 pound fresh, skinless snapper, bass, halibut or other ocean fish fillets (the fish I listed I like because they have a large flake or meaty texture), cut into ½-inch cubes or slightly smaller
about 1-1/2 cups fresh lime juice
1 medium white onion, chopped into ¼-inch pieces
1 pound (2 medium-large round or 6 to 8 plum) ripe tomatoes, chopped into 1/4 –inch pieces
fresh hot green chiles to taste (roughly 2 to 3 serranos or 1 to 2 jalapenos), stemmed, seeded and finely chopped
1/3 cup chopped fresh cilantro, plus a few leaves for garnish
1/3 cup chopped pitted green olives (choose manzanillos for a typical Mexican flavor)
1 to 2 tablespoons olive oil, preferably extra-virgin (optional, but recommended to give a glistening appearance)
3 tablespoons fresh orange juice or ½ teaspoon sugar
1 large or 2 small ripe avocados, peeled and diced
tostadas or tortilla chips, store-bought or homemade, or saltine crackers for serving
- Marinating the fish. In a 1-1/2 quart glass or stainless steel bowl, combine the fish, lime juice and onion. You’ll need enough juice to cover the fish and allow it to float somewhat freely: too little juice means unevenly “cooked” fish. Cover and refrigerate for about 4 hours, until a cube of fish no longer looks raw when broken open. Pour into a colander and drain off the lime juice. (The fish can be marinated a day in advance. After about 4 hours, when the fish is “cooked”, drain it so it won’t become too limy. For the freshest flavor, add the flavorings to the fish no more than a couple of hours before serving.)
- The flavorings. In a large bowl, mix together the tomatoes, green chiles, cilantro, olives and optional olive oil. Stir in the fish, then taste and season with salt, usually about ¾ teaspoon, and the orange juice or sugar (the sweetness of the orange juice or sugar helps to balance some of the typical tanginess of the ceviche). Cover and refrigerate if not serving immediately.
- Serving the ceviche. Just before serving, stir in the diced avocado, being careful not to break up the pieces. For serving, you have several options. Set out your ceviche in a large bowl and let people spoon it onto individual plates to eat it with chips or saltines, or serve small bowls (I like to have a bed of frisee lettuce in each bowl before spooning in the ceviche). Serve tostadas, chips or saltines alongside. Or pile the ceviche onto chips or tostadas and pass around for guests to consume on these edible little plates. Whichever direction you choose, garnish the ceviche with leaves of cilantro before setting it center stage.
from Rick Bayless, Mexico One Plate at a Time