BASIC PIE DOUGH (enough for one 9 inch single crust pie or one 10 inch galette)
1-1/4 cups unbleached all -purpose flour
1 tablespoon sugar
¼ teaspoon salt
8 tablespoons (1 stick) cold unsalted butter, cut into ¼ inch cubes
3 tablespoons very cold water
1. To make the dough by hand, in a large bowl, stir together the flour, sugar and salt. Using a pastry cutter or 2 knives, cut the butter into the flour mixture until the texture resembles coarse cornmeal, with butter pieces no larger than small peas. Add the water and mix with a fork just until the dough pulls together.
2. To make the dough by stand mixer, fit the mixer with the flat beater and stir together the flour, sugar and salt in the mixer bowl. Add the butter and toss with a fork to coat with the flour mixture. Mix on medium low speed until the texture resembles coarse cornmeal, with the butter pieces no larger than small peas. Add the water and mix on low speed just until the dough pulls together.
3. Transfer the dough to a work surface, pat into a ball and flatten into a disk. (Although many dough recipes call for chilling the dough at this point, this dough should be rolled out immediately for the best results.) Lightly flour the work surface, then flatten the disk with 6 to 8 gentle taps of the rolling pin. Lift the dough and give it a quarter turn. Lightly dust the top of the dough or the rolling pin with flour as needed, then roll out into a round at least 12 inches in diameter and about 1/8 inch thick.
To make a double crust pie: Double the recipe, cut the dough in half and pat each half into a round, flat disk. Roll out one disk into a 12 inch round as directed and line the pan or dish. Press any scraps trimmed from the first round into the bottom of the second disk. Roll out the second dough disk into a round at east 12 inches in diameter and about 1/8 inch thick and refrigerate until ready to use.
To make a lattice top: Double the recipe, cut the dough in half and pat one half into a round, flat disk. Roll out the disk into a 12 inch round as directed and line the pan or dish. Trim the edge of the dough, leaving a ½ inch overhang. Press any scraps trimmed from the round into the bottom of the remaining dough half. Pat the dough into a rectangle and roll out into a rectangular shape about 1/8 inch thick. Trim to cut out a 14 by 11 inch rectangle and refrigerate until ready to use.
Nut dough variation: Add 2 tablespoons ground toasted pecans, walnuts, almonds or hazelnuts to the flour mixture and proceed as directed.
Make ahead tip: Pie dough may be made ahead and frozen for up to 2 months. To freeze, place each round on a 12 inch cardboard circle and wrap it well with plastic wrap. Alternatively, use the round to line a pie pan or dish, flute the edge and wrap well.
adapted by Williams Sonoma from Carolyn Bates, Pie and Tart